ITIN Renewal Guide for US Expats: Don't Let Your ITIN Expire!
If you have an ITIN, you may be wondering if and when it needs to be renewed.
In this article, we will guide you through everything you need to know about ITIN renewal, from who needs to renew their ITIN to how to renew it, and even some benefits you might not know about.
Also read - What is an ITIN and Why Do You Need One?
Do ITINs Need to Be Renewed?
Yes, ITINs need to be renewed, and the process is not automatic.
The IRS requires that ITIN holders renew their ITIN if it is expiring or has expired. If your ITIN has not been used on a federal income tax return for three consecutive years, it will expire. Renewing your ITIN will ensure that you can file your tax returns without any hiccups.
Who Needs for ITIN Renewal?
Any individual who is required to file a tax return and has an ITIN needs to renew it.
This includes US expats who are not eligible for a Social Security Number (SSN) but are required to file a tax return. If you have an ITIN, you should check to see if it needs to be renewed.
The IRS recommends that you begin the renewal process early to avoid any delays in filing your tax returns.
When Does My ITIN Expire?
If your ITIN has been used at least once in the past three years, it will remain valid for use as long as you continue to file US taxes.
However, if your ITIN has not been used in the past three years, it will expire on December 31 of the third consecutive year of non-use. Additionally, any ITINs issued before 2013 with middle digits of 88 (Example: 9XX-88-XXXX) will expire at the end of 2025.
NOTE! ITINs are not the same as SSNs and cannot be used for the same purposes. SSNs are issued to US citizens and authorized non-citizens for employment and other purposes, while ITINs are issued to non-citizens who do not qualify for an SSN but have tax obligations in the US.
How To Renew ITIN Number?
Renewing your ITIN is a relatively straightforward process. To renew your ITIN, you'll need to complete Form W-7 and submit it along with the required supporting documents. The IRS suggests that you submit your application for ITIN renewal at least 45 days before you need to file a tax return.
Documents for ITIN Renewal
When renewing your ITIN, you'll need to provide the following documents:
- A completed Form W-7;
- A tax return, unless you qualify for an exception;
- Proof of foreign status and identity, such as a passport or national ID card;
- For dependents, a birth certificate or adoption papers and proof of foreign status;
- For nonresident aliens applying for an ITIN for the first time, a letter from the IRS with your assigned taxpayer identification number.
ITIN Renewal Cost
There is no fee to renew your ITIN, but you may incur fees if you need to have your documents certified or translated.
How Long Does ITIN Renewal Take?
The processing time for ITIN renewal applications varies depending on the time of year and the volume of applications being processed.
Generally, the IRS says it can take up to 11 weeks to process a complete and accurate ITIN renewal application.
However, if you're submitting your application during peak tax season (January through April), it may take longer.
Extra Benefits of an ITIN
Aside from meeting your US tax obligations, having an ITIN can also make it easier to:
- open a bank account,
- get a credit card,
- apply for a mortgage or loan.
Also read - Mortgage Interest Deduction for US Expats
It can also be used as identification for certain purposes, such as obtaining a driver's license.
1. Can I renew my ITIN number online?
No, you cannot renew your ITIN number online. You must submit a paper application along with the required supporting documents.
2. How often do you need to renew your ITIN?
If you use your ITIN at least once every three years, it will remain valid as long as you continue to file US taxes. However, if you don't use your ITIN for three consecutive years, it will expire on December 31 of the third year.
3. How do I know if my ITIN has expired?
If your ITIN has expired, you'll receive a notice from the IRS in the mail.